History of Brentwood, Tennessee

Brentwood’s first settlers were planters and farmers and came to the area in the late 1700s. Much of the land was granted to Revolutionary War soldiers by the State of North Carolina.

The original site of business activity in the area was at the Cottonport on Old Smyrna Road. The general store, the grist mill and the post office were located there. With the coming of the railroad and highway, the town center shifted.

Brentwood grew and prospered, and by the time of the Civil War, the area was one of the richest in the state. The soils were fertile and plantations flourished as was evidenced by the stately homes built. During the war, many of these homes were used for providing food and treating wounded soldiers, both Confederate and Union. By the end of the war, there were very few farm animals or growing crops left. The war left its scar on the economy, and many homes and plantations fell to ruin.

The Brentwood area recovered from the Civil War, and in the 1920s it was rediscovered. Gradually many of the plantation homes were bought and restored. With the construction of Interstate 65 in the 1960s Brentwood grew and prospered, and by the 1990s the area was prospering again. Today, Brentwood is home to more than 35,000 people and is one of the most prosperous small cities in the South.
– Based on information by T. Vance Little, city historian and local author.

Additional Brentwood History
Cool Springs House
Primm Historic Park 
Boiling Springs Academy
Brentwood Timeline